Untitled Document
Curriculum Vitae

Dr. P.R. Sharma (Bhattarai)
Particular areas of expertise/research
Posts held in the past
Other professional experiences & Awards
Surname: Sharma
First Name: Pushpa Raj
Date of birth: 16 June 1948
Sex: Male
Place of birth: Tansen, Palpa District, Lumbini Zone, Nepal.
Marital Status: Married
Nationality: Nepali


Institute of Medicine
PO Box: 2533.
Kathmandu, Nepal.
Fax: (977-1) 418 186. E-Mail: psharma@healthnet.org.np


Present Post:

Professor of Paedratric
KMC from July 2011

IOM up to June 2011

Health Learning Materials Centre
Institute of Medicine

Institutional Review Board

Subject Committee, Obsterics/Gynaecology and Pediatrics

Faculty Board

Professor in Child Health
Institute of Medicine
Trubhuwan University
Kathmandu, Nepal

Head of Department of Paediatric

IMCI focal person; Pre-service training.


Education: Bachelor in Medicine and Surgery 1972 Calcutta University, India.

Diploma in Child Health 1981 Dublin, Ireland.

Diploma in Tropical Child Health 1982 Liverpool University, U. K.

Fellow of the College of Surgeons and Physicians (FCPS) 1998 Pakistan

Special courses: Systematic Course Design 1977 Boston University and Tribhuwan University.

Educational Science for
Teachers of Health Professionals 1977 Jakarta, Indonesia.

Medical Education Course 1980 Bangkok,

Post graduate training, Paediatric lung desease and Paediatric intensive care in 1987 Sydney


A. Books
  1. Sharma PR. Child Health (Nepali). 1st ed. Health Learning Materials Center, Nepal, 1990.
  2. Sharma PR. Pocket Book of Practical Paediatric Problems. 4th ed. Health Learning Materials Center, Nepal, 1999.
  3. Sharma PR. Paediatric respiratory, diarrhoeal and renal diseases.
    In: Joshi M, Adhikari R, ed. Drug Therapeutic Hand Book. Health Learning Materials Center, Nepal 1996.
B. Articles in International Journals:
  1. Pandey MR, Sharma PR, Neupane RP. Impact of a pilot ARI control program.
    ARI News, issue 6, Dec 1986.
  2. Pandey MR, Sharma PR, Gubhaju BB, Shakya GM, Neupane RP, Gautam A, Shrestha IB. Impact of a pilot acute respiratory infection (ARI) control program in a rural community in the hill region of Nepal.
    Ann Trop Paediatr, 1989; 9: 212-220
  3. Pandey MR, Neils MP, Sharma PR, Neupane RP, Starbuck ER. Report of ARI intervention studies from Nepal. Bulletin of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 1990; 65(4):24
  4. Acharya G, Butler T, May H, Sharma PR, Tiwari M, Adhikari RK, Khagda JB, Pokhrel B, Pathak UN. Treatment of typhoid fever: Randomized trial of a three-day course of ceftriaxone versus a fourteen-day course of chloramphenicol.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg., 52(2), 1995. 162-165
  5. Sharma PR, Adhikari RK, Joshi MP, Lal M, Chodon T, Pokhrel BM, Shrestha RS, Shrestha IB. Intravenous chloramphenicol plus penicillin versus intramuscular ceftriaxone for the treatment of pyogenic meningitis in Nepalese children.
    Tropical Doctor.1996; 26: 84-85.
  6. John H. Cross, Jeeban Sherchand, Pushpa Sharma, Peter Echeverria. Cyclosporiasis at the Kanti Children's Hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal; A cursory survey.
    Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology. 1997; Vol. 20; (No.2); 30-33
  7. PR Sharma; RK Adhikari. Scoring saves lives. Child Health Dialogue.
    Issue 13; 4th quarter 1998. Pediatrics 2002 May;109(5):898-903
  8. Strand TA, Chandyo RK, Bahl R, Sharma PR, Adhikari RK, Bhandari N, Ulvik RJ, Molbak K, Bhan MK, Sommerfelt H. Effectiveness and efficacy of zinc for the treatment of acute diarrhea in young children. Pediatrics. 2002 May;109(5):898-903
C. Papers presented in International Conferences
  1. Sharma PR, Baral M. Diarrhoeal disease control program and role of rehydration therapy center. 17 th International congress of paediatrics. Philippines. November 7-12. 1983
  2. Pandey MR, Sharma PR, Neupane RP. Preliminary report of a community study of childhood ARI in Nepal. International workshop in ARI in childhood. Australia. August . 1984
  3. Sharma PR. Major child health issues and role of mass media in Nepal. International seminal on child health and mass media. New Delhi. Dec 3-4, 1984
  4. Sharma PR, Baral M. A comparison of low sodium and high sodium Oral Rehydration Solution in the treatment of diarrhoeal dehydration of Nepalese children. 6th Asian Congress of Paediatrics. Japan. March 27-31. 1988
  5. Sharma PR, Baral M. Peptilose based ORS in the treatment of dehydration. Asian congress on diarrhoeal diaseases. Pakistan. 1992
  6. Sharma PR, Adhikari RK. Health problems of carpet weavers Nepalese children. International congress of paediatrics. Brazil. 1992
  7. Sharma PR. Present curriculum of undergraduate program of the Institute of Medicine in relation to the diarrhoeal diseases. Regional workshop on strengthening the teaching of diarrhoeal diseases in medical schools. Myanmar. 1994
  8. Sharma PR, Adhikari RK, Pokhrel BM. Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) in Nepalese Children and Standard Case Management Plan. International Symposium on Infectioius and Tropical Diseases. Kathmandu. March 20- 21, 1996
  9. Sharma PR, Adhikari RK, Poudel T. Treating children with severe
    pneumonia in the oral rehydration therapy unit as a short stay facility. International Conference on Acute Respiratory Infections. Canberra, July7-10, 1997
  10. An experience with the teaching of Integrated Management of Childhood Ilnesses (IMCI) in undergraduate student of Institute of Medeicine, Kathamandu, Nepal. Intercountry workshop on IMCI, WHO, Geneva; November 2-5, 1999; Genevas
D. Articles in National Journals:
  1. Sharma PR. A study of rotaviral diarrhoea with special reference to Nepal. J of Nepal Paediatric Society. 1,1, 1980.
  2. Sharma PR. Outlook of children disease, then and now. J of Institute of Medicine. 4, 1. 1982.
  3. Sharma PR. Role of broad spectrum antibiotics in chest infections in infants. J of Nepal Medical Association. 20, 3. 1982.
  4. Sharma PR. Indian Childhood Cirrhosis - a review. J of Nepal ` Paediatric Society. 2,3. 1982.
  5. Sharma PR. Urinary tract infection - the infection that matters. J of Institute of Medicine. 5, 1. 1983.
  6. Sharma PR. Effect of intravenous aminophylline in infants and young children with bronchiolitis. J of Nepal Paediatric Society. 2,2. 1983.
  7. Sharma PR. Childhood meningitis a five months survey. J of Nepal Paediatric Society. 2,2.1983.
  8. Dixit H, Sharma PR. Bacterial meningitis a two years survey. J of Institute of Medicine. 6,1. 1984.
  9. Khetan R, Sharma PR, Baral MR. Nutritional iron deficiency prevalence at Kanti Children's Hospital. J of Nepal Paediatric Society. 4,2. 1985.
  10. Sharma PR, Karki T. Acute respiratory infections in Nepal, hospital based study. J of Nepal Paediatric Society. 5,1. 1986.
  11. Pandey MR, Sharma PR. ARI in Nepal- a community based study. J of Nepal Paediatric Society. 5,1. 1986.
  12. Shrestha IL, Shrestha RPB, Sharma PR, Dhakwa JR, Karky T. Antibody response to Mencevax AC Vaccine, rapid diagnosis of meningitis and drugs in the treatment of meningitis group A. J of Nepal Paediatric Society. 5,1. 1986.
  13. Sharma PR. Childhood survival strategies services: immunization. J of Nepal Paediatric Society. 7,1. 1988.
  14. Sharma PR, Tuladhar R. Acute respiratory infections in children, signs, symptoms and management. J of Nepal Paediatric Society. 10,1. 1990.
  15. Pandey MR, Sharma PR, Neupane RP, Gautam A. Parental tobacco smoking and acute respiratory infections in Nepal. J of Institute of Medicine. 13, 1991.
  16. Sharma PR, Adhikari RK. Acute respiratory infections in under 5 children and standard case management plan. Souvenir. 7th Nepalese congress of paediatrics. 1994.
  17. Sharma PR, Adhikari RK, Shah KP, Singh MK. Use of plastic bottles as spacers for the administration of inhaler salbutamol in children. Souvenir. 7th Nepalese congress of paediatrics.1994.
  18. Adhikari RK,Sharma PR, Prasain R, Lal M. Treatment of lobar pneumonia with cotrimoxazole. Souvenir. 7th Nepalese congress of paediatrics. 1994.
  19. Adhikari R,Sharma PR, , Basnyat NB, Srestha S, Shrestha SK. Neonatal trends in Tribhuwan University Teaching Hospital. Souvenir. 7th Nepalese Congress of Paediatrics. 1994.
  20. Sharma PR, Adhikari RK, Tiwari P, Pokhrel BM, Lal M, Gautam HR, Shrestha SK. Childhood meningitis: is there a possibility of epidemic? Souvenir. 7th Nepalese congress of paediatrics. 1994.
  21. Sharma PR, Adhikari RK, Joshi MP, Thapa TP. Wheezes in children. J of Nepal Medical Association. 33, 113. 1995.
  22. Sharma PR, Adhikari R, Gupta M. The myth of salmonella agglutination test. J of Nepal Medical Association. 33, 115, 1995.
  23. Sharma PR. Philosophy of Medical Ethics. Kathmandu Post.
    February 9, 1997.
  24. Sharma PR. Ethics and Spiritual view. Kathamndu Post.
    February 7, 1999.
  25. Sharma PR. Three steps towards supreme perfection.
    Kathmandu Post. May 7, 2000.
  26. Sharma PR, Baral VR, Adhikari R, Gami FC, Shrestha SP HAIR AN Syndrome: Case report. J of Nepal Medical Association; 40, 139, 2001.
  27. Sharma PR. Pneumonia Past and Present. Souvenir of the XI Nepalese Congress of Paediatrics and 1st Conference of Paediatric Association of SAARC Countries. 2002. March 14-16.
  28. Sharma PR, Thapa TP. Evidenced Based Antenatal Single Corticosteroid to Prevent RDS. Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society.Vol. 20, Issue 1; 2002; 33-37.
  29. Sharma PR. Approach to a child with fever in outpatient. Journal of the Nepal Paediatric Society. Vol. 21. Issue 1; 2003.
  30. Sharma PR. A child with fever: an approach in OPD. Journal of the Nepal Paediatric Society. Vol. 21. Issue 1; 38-43.
  31. Sharma PR. A lesson to learn. Journal of the Nepal Paediatric Society. Vol. 21. Issue 1; 48-49.
  32. Sharma PR. Which drug should be used in Children for sedation for severe painful procedures? Nepal Paediatric Society. Vol. 21. Issue 3; 23-25.
  33. Sharma PR. Swyer-James-Macleod Syndrome. Journal of Institute of Medicine, vol.25, Issue 2, 2003
  34. Sharma HS, Sharma PR, Gami FC, Adhikari R, Rana P, Tiwari A, Rai, P. Metaphyseal chondrodysplasia, Schmidt type. Journal of Institute of Medicine. Vol.25, Issue 2, 2003. 31-32.
Particular areas of expertise/research:
1. Acute Respiratory Infections:
  1. Co-investigator: UNICEF funded project " Role of malnutrition and other environmental factors in morbidity and mortality due to acute respiratory infections in infants and children of Nepal".
    (completed '87)
  2. Principal investigator: CIDA funded project "Aetiological agents of acute respiratory infections in Nepalese children of 2 months up to
    5 years".
    (completed '94)
  3. Principal investigator: Use of Oral Rehydration Therapy Center of Kanti Children's Hospital as a short stay facility for treating children with severe pneumonia in children aged 3 months to 5 years.
    (completed 1997)
  4. Project Director: Population (Hospital) Based Surveillance for Pneumonia with Detection Streptococcus Pneumoniae in Kanti Children.s Hospital. Funded by PneumoADIP of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (from November 2004, will continue for two years).
2. Curriculum development:
  1. Chairman of the team to develop" Curriculum for the
    Auxiliary Health Worker, under the Institute of Medicine,
    Thribhuwan University.
  2. Member of the curriculum development team for the MBBS,
    DCH and MD(GP) under the Institute of Medicine, Tribhuwan University.
3. Diarrhoeal diseases:
  1. National consultant for the training of different cadres of
    health workers.
  2. Principal investigator: Does zinc supplementation in children
    enhance the mucosal and systemic immune response to the
    cholera vaccine?
    (NUFU funded project: completed 1999)
  3. Principal investigator: Randomized double blind control study on the role of Zinc in reducing the duration of acute watery diarrhoea in community.
    (NUFU funded project: Study completed in 2001.)
Posts held in the past:
  1. Medical officer, 1972-1977.
    His Majesty's Government of Nepal.
  2. Campus chief,
    Auxiliary Health Worker Campus,
    Institute of Medicine. 1978-1980.
  3. Lecturer in Child Health,
    Institute of Medicine. 1977- 1985.
  4. Head of the Department of Child Health,
    Institute of Medicine. 1994-1995.
  5. WHO temporary advisor for the training Sept. '94 (Male),
    of trainers in ARI program. Apr. '95 (Bangladesh)
    Dec. '95 (Pokhra).
  6. WHO temporary advisor for the development
    of ARI-CDD Materials designed for use of
    Anganwadi Workers. Aug. '96.1-9 New Delhi.
  7. WHO Intercountry training course for
    consultants on Integrated Management
    of Childhood Illness. Aug. '97. Kathmandu.
  8. National facilitator for the training of health
    workers in Integrated Management of
    Childhood Illness. Nov. '97. Kathmandu.
  9. Member of the CHD Technical Advisory Group
    WHO Geneva 1998, 1999,2000,2001
  10. Facilitators training course in Integrated Jan. 5-9, '98
    Management of Childhood Illness Kathmandu.
  11. Facilitator training course in IMCI at
    Samarang. Indonesia, 98
  12. Facilitator: IMCI training course Indonesia, 98
  13. Facilitator: IMCI demonstration course New Delhi, India
    July, 1999
  14. Facilitator: Intercountry Training Course
    IMCI, Kathamndu, Nepal Nepal, September, 1999.
  15. Focal person: Pre-service IMCI training
  16. Intercountry workshop on IMCI pre WHO, Geneva, Nov.
    service training 1999.
  17. Facilitator: Demonstration course on
    IMCI Myanmar, October,1999.
  18. WHO STC IMCI Preservice training IMCI University of Pretoria,
    South Africa, 2001.
  19. Examiner Fellow of the College of
    Physicians and Surgeons of Pakistan
    (FCPS) in Paediatrics February, 2001.
  20. Examiner Kathmandu University
Other professional experiences:
  1. Chief Editor - Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society 1988- 1993
  2. Member of the Editorial Board - Journal of Nepal Medical Association
  3. Member of the Editorial Board -Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society
  4. Member of the Editorial Board - Journal of Institute of Medicine
  5. President : Nepal Paediatric Society 2001-2003. Paediatric Association of SAARC countries. 2001-2002
  6. Chief Editor: Journal of Institute of Medicine (to date)
  1. Nepal Paediatric Society Gold Medal for the best article presented
    in the Second Nepalese Congress of Paediatrics - 1983.
  2. Amar Pahari Literary Award for the book : Child Health (Nepali) 1989.
  3. University Literary Award of Tribhuwan University 2057 (2001).
  4. 25 years service university medal 2058 (2002).
  5. Certificate of appreciation, Institute of Medicine 2059 (2002)