Zygomycosis is an infection caused by fungi in the orders Mucorales and Entomophthorales. These pathogens are commonly found in the soil and are common components of decaying organic debris. The 5 major clinical forms include rhinocerebral zygomycosis, pulmonary zygomycosis, abdominopelvic and gastric (gastrointestinal) zygomycosis, primary cutaneous zygomycosis, and disseminated zygomycosis. Cutaneous zygomycosis accounts for approximately 20% of all zygomycosis cases,
and is generally due to local trauma or inoculation. The mainstay of treatment for any form of zygomycosis is early and aggressive surgical removal of all infected tissue after controlling the infection with early and appropriate antifungal administration.